Cyst aspiration is a surgical procedure intended to relieve discomfort and improve fertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Cyst aspiration may be considered in cases where fertility medications have been ineffective. Not all cysts meet criteria for aspiration.
What does it involve?
The goal of cyst aspiration is to relieve pelvic discomfort and improve chances for pregnancy.
Cyst aspiration is performed in an office setting using local anesthetic. A transvaginal ultrasound wand is inserted into the vagina to allow the doctor to visualize the cysts and determine whether aspiration is indicated. Antiseptic is applied to the vagina, and a local anesthetic is injected in to the vaginal wall. The doctor inserts a needle through the vaginal wall and suctions out the contents of the cyst, which then collapses. The procedure takes just a few minutes. The cyst contents will be studied to ensure there are no malignant cells.
After cyst aspiration, you may experience cramping for a few minutes. You will be able to leave the office soon after the procedure and return to daily activities almost immediately.
Studies on cyst aspiration are inconclusive on whether it benefits fertility.
Rarely, cyst aspiration procedure can carry the risk of bleeding or damage to internal organs such as the bowel or bladder.
Cyst aspiration is not a cure for PCOS. Your PCOS symptoms may not improve after undergoing cyst aspiration.
For more details about this treatment, visit:
Ovarian Cyst Aspiration – California Center for Reproductive Health
Ovarian cyst aspiration and IVF outcomes – PubMed Health